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Essential Oil Specifications

Essential Oils Origin Principal Constituents Source Method
Angelica Root
Angelica archangelica
France a - Pinene, limonene, a & b-phellandrene, Rhizomes Steam Distilled
Anise Star
Illicium verum
China Trans-anethole, anisaldehyde, d-3-carene Fruit Steam Distilled
Basil Sweet (linalool c.t.)
Ocimum basilicum
France Linalool, cineole, ocimene, citronellol Leaves & tops Steam Distilled
Bay Leaf
Pimenta racemosa
W. Indies Eugenol, chavicol, myrcene Leaves Steam Distilled
Benzoin (resinoid)
Styrax benzoin
Sumatra Benzoic acid, benzyl benzoate, benzyl alcohol Resin Solvent Extraction
Bergamot
Citrus bergamia
Ivory Coast Linalyl acetate, linalool, 5-methoxypsoralen Zest of the fruit Expressed
Bergamot F.C.F.
Citrus bergamia
Italy Linalyl acetate, linalool, g-terpinene,  Zest of the fruit Vacuum Distilled
Black Pepper
Piper nigrum
India b-Caryophyllene, 3-carene, a-pinene Dried Fruit Steam Distilled
Cajuput
Melaleuca leucadendron
Vietnam 1,8-Cineole, a-terpineol, terpinyl acetate Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Camphor White
Cinnamomum camphora
China 1,8-Cineole, camphor, a & b-pinene Branches Steam Distilled
Cardamon
Elettaria cardamomum
Sri Lanka a-Terpenyl acetate, terpinene, 1,8 cineole Dried Fruit Steam Distilled
Carrot Seed
Daucus carota
France Carotol, bisabolene, b-pinene Dried seeds Steam Distilled
Cedar Atlas
Cedrus atlantica
Morocco Atlantol, a & b-atlantones, cedrol Wood Steam Distilled
Cedar Virginian
Jumiperus virginiana
U.S.A. Cedrol, a & b-cedrene, thujopsene Wood Steam Distilled
Chamomile German
Matricaria chamomilla
Egypt Chamazulene, a-bisabolol, farnesene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Chamomile Maroc
Ormenis multicaulis
Morocco Santolina alcohol, 1,8, cineole, a-pinene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Chamomile Roman
Anthemis nobilis
England 3-Methylbutyl angelate, sabinene, chamazulene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Cinnamon Leaf
Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Madagascar Eugenol, caryophyllene, linalool Leaves Steam Distilled
Citronella
Cymbopogon nardus
Madagascar Geraniol, citronellol, citronellal Grassy leaves Steam Distilled
Clary Sage
Salvia sclaria
France Linalool, linalyl acetate, sclareol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Clove Bud
Eugenia caryophyllata
Comores Eugenol, b-caryophyllene, nerol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Coriander
Coriandrum sativum
Romania Linalool, geraniol, borneol Fruit Steam Distilled
Cypress
Cupressus sempervirens
France a-Pinene, delta-3-carene, terpinolene Needles & cones Steam Distilled
Dill Seed
Anethum graveolens
France Carvone, anethole, phellandrene Fruit/seeds Steam Distilled
Elemin
Canarium commune
Philippines Elemol, a-phellandrene, terpinolene Resin Steam Distilled
Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus globulus
Portugal 1,8-Cineole, a-pinene, globulol Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Eucalyptus Lemon
Eucalyptus citriodora
S America Citronellal, citronellol, geraniol Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Eucalyptus Radiata
Eucalyptus radiata
Australia 1,8-Cineole, a-terpineol, phellandrene Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Eucalyptus Smithii
Eucalyptus smithii
Australia 1,8-Cineole, limonene, isovaleraldehyde Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Fennel Sweet
Foeniculum vulgare
France Anethole, fenchone, limonene Fruit Steam Distilled
Fir Silver
Abies alba
Russia a & b-Pinene, bornyl acetate, limonene Needles & twigs Steam Distilled
Frankincense
Boswellia carterii
Somalia a & b-Pinene, dipentene, olibanol Resin Steam Distilled
Galbanum
Ferula galbaniflua
Iran d-Cadinene, b-pinene, 1,3,5-undeca triene Oleoresin Steam Distilled
Geranium
Pelargonium graveolens
Egypt Citronellol, geraniol, 10-epi-g-eudesmol Leaves & stems Steam Distilled
Geranium Bourbon
Pelargonium capitatum x radens
Reunion Citronellol, geraniol, guaiadiene Leaves & stems Steam Distilled
Ginger
Zingiber officinale
Cochin Zingiberene, b-sesquiphellandrene, ar-curcumene Rhizomes Steam Distilled
Grapefruit
Citrus paradisi
S America Myrcene, d-limonene, nookatone Zest of the fruit Expressed
Helichrysum
Helichrysum italicum
France Neryl acetate, a & b pinenes, nerol, g-curcumene, b-diketones Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Ho Leaf (linalool c.t.)
Cinnamomum camphora
China Linalool, 1,8-cineole, eugenol Woods & leaves Steam Distilled
Hyssop
Hyssopus officinalis
France iso- Pinocamphone, pinocamphone, sabinene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Jasmine 10% & 5%
Jasminum officinale
Egypt Benzyl acetate, jasmone, indole Flowers Solvent Extraction
Juniper Berry
Juniperus communis
Italy a-Pinene, terpinen-4-ol, sabinene Berries Steam Distilled
Juniper Needle
Juniperus communis
France a-Pinene, terpinen-4-ol, limonene Needles/Leaves Steam Distilled
Laurel Leaf
Laurus nobilis
Morocco 1,8-Cineole, linalool, eugenol Leaves/Branches Steam Distilled
Lavandin Super
Lavandula hybrida
France Linalyl acetate, linalool, 1,8 cineole Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Lavender Bulgarian
Lavandula angustifolia
Bulgaria Linalool, linalyl acetate terpinen-4-ol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Lavender Croation
Lavandula angustifolia
Croatia Linalyl acetate, linalool, terpinen-4-ol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Lavender English
Lavandula vera
England Linalyl acetate, linalool, b-caryophyllene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Lavender French
Lavandula angustifolia
France Linalyl acetate, linalool, b-caryophyllene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Lavender Fine (high altitude)
Lavandula angustifolia
France Linalyl acetate, linalool, borneol, 3-octanone Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Lemon
Citrus limonum
Italy Citral, citronellal, d-limonene Zest of the fruit Expressed
Lemongrass
Cymbopogon citratus
Cochin Citral, methyl heptenone, geranyl acetate Grassy leaves Steam Distilled
Lime
Citrus aurantifolia
Peru p-Cymene, a-terpineol, terpinolene Zest of the fruit Steam Distilled
Linaloe
Bursera delpechiana
India Linalool, Linalyl acetate, a-terpineol, geranyl acetate, geraniol Wood Steam Distilled
Litsea Cubeba
Litsea cubeba
China Geraniol, neral, geranial, citronellal Fruits Steam Distilled
Mandarin
Citrus reticulata
Italy d-Limonene, methyl anthranilate Zest of the fruit Expressed
Manuka
Leptospermum scoparium
East Cape, New Zealand Leptospermone, cis-Calamenene, a&b -Copaene, a&b-Selinine, trans-Cadina-1,4diene. Foliage Steam Distilled
Marjoram Sweet
Origanum majorana
Egypt Terpinen-4-ol, g-terpinene, caryophyllene Dried flowers Steam Distilled
Marjoram Sweet
Thymus masticina
Spain 1,8-Cineole, a-pinene, a-terpineol Dried flowers Steam Distilled
Melissa Blend
Blended
France Citronellal, geraniol, geranyl acetate Blended Distilled Mix
Melissa True
Melissa officinalis
France trans-Geranial, neral t-geraniol, caryophyllene Terminal leaves Steam Distilled
Myrrh
Commiphora myrrha
Somalia Furanoeudesma-1,3-diene, lindestrene Resinoid Steam Distilled
Myrtle
Myrtus communis
Tunisia 1,8 Cineole, myrtenyl acetate Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Neroli
Citrus aurantium v. amara
Tunisia Linalool, nerol, nerolidol, geraniol Flowering buds Steam Distilled
Niaouli
Melaleuca viridiflora
Madagascar 1,8-Cineole, terpineol, viridiflora Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Nutmeg
Myristica fragrans
Indonesia a-Pinene, sabinene, myristicin De-shelled seeds Steam Distilled
Orange Bitter
Citrus aurantium
W. Indies d-Limonene, myrcene, decanal Zest of the fruit Expressed
Orange Sweet
Citrus sinesis
Brazil d-Limonene, myrcene, octanal Zest of the fruit Expressed
Palmarosa
Cymbopogon martinii
India Geraniol, geranyl acetate, linaool, b-caryophyllene Grassy leaves Steam Distilled
Parsley Seed
Petroselinum sativum
Hungary a-Pinene, myristicin, apiol Seeds Steam Distilled
Patchouli
Pogostemon cablin
Indonesia a-Bulnesene, a-guaiene, a-patchoulene Dried leaves Steam Distilled
Peppermint
Mentha piperita
England Menthol, menthofuran, menthone Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Petitgrain
Citrus aurantium
Paraguay Linalyl acetate, linalool, geranyl acetate Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Pine Needle
Pinus sylvestris
Europe a & b Pinenes, d-3-carene, sylvestrene Needles Steam. Distilled
Ravensara
Ravensara aromatica
Madagascar 1,8 Cineole, a & b pinenes, b-myrcene, p-cymene Leaves Steam Distilled
Rosemary
Rosmarinus officinalis
Tunisia 1,8 cineole, a-pinene, bornyl acetate Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Rose Otto
Rose damascena
Bulgaria Citronellol, geraniol, nerol Fresh flowers Steam Distilled
Rosewood
Aniba rosaeodora
Brazil Linalool, a-terpineol, geranyl acetate Wood Steam Distilled
Sage
Salvia officinalis
England 1,8 Cineole, b-thujone, borneol Dried leaves Steam Distilled
Sandalwood
Santalum album
India a-Santalol, b-santalol, epi-santalol Heartwood Steam Distilled
Spearmint
Mentha spicata
U.S.A. Carvone, cineole, myrcene Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Spikenard
Nardostachys jatamansi
India b-Gurjunene, a-patchoulene, hydroxy aristolenone Rhizomes Steam Distilled
Spruce Black
Picea mariana
Canada a & b Pinenes, bornyl acetate Needles & twigs Steam Distilled
Tagetes
Tagetes glanduifera
Egypt cis-b-Ocimene, dihydrotagetone Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Tea Tree
Melaleuca alternifolia
Australia Terpinen-4-ol, g-terpinene, 1,8-cineole Leaves & twigs Steam Distilled
Thyme Red
Thymus vulgaris
Spain Thymol, p-cymene, carvacrol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Thyme Sweet (linalool c.t.)
Thymus vulgaris
France Linalool, linalyl acetate, terpinen-4-ol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Thyme White
Thymus vulgaris
Spain Thymol, p-cymene, carvacrol Flowering tops Steam Distilled
Valerian
Valeriana officinalis
Europe Valeramone, elemol, allo-aromadendrene Rhizomes Steam Distilled
Vetiver
Vetiveria zizanoides
S. America Vetiverone, vetiverol, vetrivene Rhizomes Steam Distilled
Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Hungary Chamazulene, sabinene, a & b pinenes Dried herb Steam Distilled
Ylang Ylang 1
Cananga odorata
Comores Linalool, methyl benzoate, geranyl acetate Fresh flowers Steam Distilled
Ylang Extra
Cananga odorata
Comores p-Cresyl methyl ether, methyl benzoate Fresh flowers Steam Distilled
Yuzu
Citrus junos
Japan g-Terpinene, myrcene, a-pinene, limonene Zest of the fruit Expressed

Absolute & CO2 Specifications

Absolutes & C02's Origin Principal Constituents Source Method
Champaca Absolute
Mechelia champaka
France Iso-phytol, linalool, benzoic acid, benzaldehyde Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Immortelle Absolute
Helichrysum angustifolium
France Nerol, neryl acetate, a & b-pinenes Flowering tops Solvent Extraction
Jasmine Absolute
Jasminum officinale
Egypt Benzyl acetate, benzyl benzoate, iso-phytol, indole Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Jasmine Sambac
Jasminum officinale
India a-Farnesene, linalool, benzyl acetate, indole, benzyl alcohol, jasmone Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Linden Blossom Absolute
Tilia europoea
Europe Farnesol, p-cymene Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Lotus Pink Absolute
Tilia europoea
India Palmitic acid, benzyl salicylate, linalool, benzyl acetate Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Marigold Absolute
Calendula officinalis
United Kingdom d-Cadinene, t-muurolol, viridiflorol, a-thujene Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Melissa True 'Phytonics'
Melissa officinalis
United Kingdom t-Geraniol, neral, t-geraniol germacrene-d Terminal leaves 'Phytonics' process
Rose Otto
Rosa centifolia
Morocco Phenylethyl alcohol, citronellol, geraniol Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Rose C02
Rosa centifolia
Morocco Citronellol, geraniol, n-alkanes C17-C23, phenylethyl alcohol, nerol Fresh flowers Carbon dioxide
Rose Musk
Rosa moschata
Zambia Citronellol, geraniol, stearopten, nerol, neral, Fresh flowers 'Phytonics' process
Tuberose Absolute
Polianthes tuberosa
France Methyl benzoate, methyl anthranilate Fresh flowers Solvent Extraction
Violet Leaf Absolute
Viola odorata
France 2-trans-6-cis-Nonadien-1-ol, n-hexanol Fresh leaves Solvent Extraction

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